The Consumer Electronics Hall of Fame was selected by a committee assembled by the Consumer Electronics Association.
Founder of Emerson Radio and Phonograph, 1898-1980
The Emerson Radio & Phonograph Corp., founded by Max Abrams, was one of the premier companies that mass-produced radios that were very modern in appearance in the years just before and after World War II.
Invented the TV remote control, Born 1913
Dr. Robert Adler, 86, is the creator of the TV remote control. Nearly 40 years ago he devised the idea of beaming high-frequency ultrasonic waves at a microphone in the TV. The Space Commander 400, nicknamed "the clicker," arrived in stores in 1956.
Edwin Howard Armstrong
Creator of FM radio, 1890-1954
In 1937, Edwin Armstrong built a 425-foot radio tower on the Palisades in New Jersey. It was from this tower that FM radio was launched as a broadcast medium.
John Logie Baird
Developer of television, 1888-1946
John Logie Baird's primitive television was the first that could "see at a distance." His mechanical system could broadcast moving images across the Atlantic, while rival Philo Farnsworth had produced only a thin white line across a screen.
Former president, Philco Corp.; leader in developing car radio, 1896-1983
William Balderston, who worked his way up in the electronics industry to become head of Philco Corp., helped mastermind the idea of putting radios into cars and radar units on ships and planes.
Co-inventor of the transistor, 1908-1991
A physicist, John Bardeen was working with scientist Walter Brattain at AT&T's Bell Laboratories when they developed the first semiconductor transistor in 1947. It replaced the large, inefficient vacuum tubes and paved the way for every electronic device created since.
Alexander Graham Bell
Inventor of the telephone, 1847-1922
Patent No. 174,465 for "improvements in telegraphy" -- the telephone -- often is called the most valuable patent ever issued. In addition to the telephone, Bell held patents for the telegraph, photophone, phonograph, hydrofoils and a selenium cell.
Creator of market for home video sales, Born 1937
In 1977, Andre Blay, a Detroit businessman who owned Magnetic Video, was offering Hollywood movies for sale in the home-video format. While video sales and rentals are commonplace today, Blay's idea was revolutionary at the time.
Walter H. Brattain
Co-inventor of the transistor, 1902-1987
Walter Brattain and John Bardeen, working together in 1947, observed that when electrical signals were applied to contacts on a crystal of germanium, the power was amplified.
Karl Ferdinand Braun
Invented the oscillograph, 1850-1918
Developed as a monitor a century ago by German scientist and Nobel Prize winner Karl Ferdinand Braun, the cathode ray tube (CRT) was a crucial component in the development of television.
Spurred the video game industry, Born 1943
Nolan Bushnell, 56, is known as "the father of electronic entertainment." He created the coin-operated "Pong" game and founded Atari Corp. in 1972 with $250. He served as CEO until he sold the company to Warner Communications Inc. in 1976 for $28 million.
Powell Crosley Jr.
First mass-market radio, 1887-1961
Powell Crosley Jr.'s ingenuity gave America the Crosley radio, the Shelvador refrigerator, the Crosley car and numerous radio programs.
Developed the vacuum tube, 1873-1961
Of Lee DeForest's more than 300 patents, the most important was the audion amplifier, which established the principle of the vacuum tube, in 1907.
Ray M. Dolby
Founder and chairman of Dolby Laboratories, Born 1933
Ray Dolby took the hiss out of tape recording and transformed movie sound. Put simply, the invention that bears Dolby's name reduces background noise so listeners can hear the true sound of a recording.
Founder of the DuMont Television Network and the first practical CRTs, 1901-1965
In the 1930s and 1940s, Allen DuMont was at the forefront of TV technology and programming. DuMont Laboratories perfected the first practical cathode ray tubes (CRTs) and the first all-electronic TV receivers.
Thomas Alva Edison
Invented the light bulb, storage battery and phonograph, 1847-1931
Thomas Edison patented 1,093 of his inventions. The light bulb, phonograph, storage battery, mimeograph and many other creations sprang to life from Edison's ideas, sometimes by plan, other times simply by accident.
Developer of stereo FM radio, Born 1925
Four decades ago, high-fidelity sound for radio revolutionized the radio experience for millions of consumers worldwide. As co-inventor of two key industry standards -- stereo FM radio and multichannel television sound (MTS) -- Carl Eilers helped make that revolution possible.
Philo Taylor Farnsworth
Developed TV based on cathode ray tube, 1906-1971
Philo Farnsworth believed that mechanical TV was a dead end and that a new way -- using the cathode ray tube -- would open worlds of possibility. In 1934, in Philadelphia, Farnsworth demonstrated live TV -- a B&W, 10 x 12-inch picture.
Reginald Aubrey Fessenden
Developer of radio broadcasting, 1866-1932
Canadian Reginald Fessenden's goal was to transmit the human voice and music without wires. He devised the theory of the "continuous wave," a means to superimpose sound onto a radio wave and transmit this signal to a receiver. On December 23, 1900, he successfully transmitted the sound of a human voice between two 50-foot towers.
Invented the transistorized amplifier, combination stereo radio/phonograph, 1906-1994
Avery Fisher's achievements include the first transistorized amplifier and the stereo radio-phonograph combination. In 1945 Fisher started Fisher Radio. In 1956 the company produced the first transistorized amplifier. Two years later it developed the first stereo radio and phonograph combination.
President of Magnavox, 1910-1967
Frank Freimann, often referred to as a merchandising genius, is credited with creating a policy of selective distribution to combat widespread price-cutting in the early consumer electronics industry.
Founder of Motorola, 1895-1959
More than seven decades since the Galvin Manufacturing Corp. was created, Paul Galvin and his progeny have built Motorola into an engineering company with landmark training programs and generous resources for engineers.
Leader in developing video recording, 1920-1992
Charles Ginsburg, an electrical and radio engineer at Ampex Corp., and a six-member research team introduced the world's first practical videotape recorder (VTR) in 1956.
Invented the 33-1/3 RPM vinyl LP record and the first color TV system, 1906-1977
In 1940, Peter Goldmark, a CBS staff inventor and engineer, invented the first color television system. But the CBS system was not compatible with B&W sets. But in the early 1950s Goldmark developed the 33-1/3 RPM longer play record.
Dr. Sidney Harman
Developed the first receiver, Born 1920
Dr. Sidney Harman, chairman and CEO of Harman International, began his distinguished career 46 years ago in 1953 when he and partner Bernard Kardon helped define the home hi-fi industry with the development of the first receiver.
Work on electric waves, 1857-1894
Heinrich Hertz, a German physicist, was the first to demonstrate the production and detection of Maxwell's waves. In 1888 he generated electric waves by oscillatory discharge of a condenser through a loop provided with a spark gap. His experiments triggered the invention of the wireless telegraph and of radio.
Co-founder of Sony, 1908-1997
Masura Ibuka was a co-founder of Sony. Under his technical leadership, Sony introduced the first transistor television set in 1959, the first solid-state videotape recorder in 1961, and the Trinitron TV in 1967.
Eldridge Reeves Johnson
Founded the first consumer electronics company, 1867-1945
Eldridge Reeves Johnson, a Dover, Del., native, was the founder and president of the Victor Talking Machine Company, the first consumer electronics company that later became RCA Victor.
Co-inventor of the integrated circuit, Born 1924
Electronics pioneer Jack Kilby, who conceived and built the first integrated circuit, or semiconductor chip, is recognized as the chip's co-inventor along with Robert Noyce.
Invented the acoustic-suspension speaker and the large-screen projection TV, Born 1929
Henry Kloss is known for his numerous inventions, including the acoustic-suspension speaker and the large-screen projection television. He also founded four successful consumer electronics companies.
John Koss Sr.
Designed first commercial headphones, Born 1930
At the dawn of the transistor era, John Koss Sr. designed a set of commercial headphones using World War II military headphones. It was 1958 and the stereo business was taking off with the advent of rock 'n' roll music. The headphones were called "private listening units."
Consumer electronics journalist, 1921-1996
David Lachenbruch, a respected writer and editor in the world of consumer electronics, chronicled nearly every major development in the television industry. Lachenbruch invented the expression "consumer electronics" and also coined the term "camcorder" for the home video tape recorder.
James B. Lansing
Speaker technology, 1902-1949
From the 1920s to the 1950s James B. Lansing was at the forefront of creating leading speaker systems used in motion-picture theaters. In the 1930s, Lansing named his company James B. Lansing (JBL) Sound Corp.
Pioneer in high-fidelity music, 1902-1997
Saul Marantz, a pioneer in high-fidelity music systems, founded the Marantz Co. in the 1950s. The company produced record players, amplifiers and speakers that became industry standards.
Inventor of wireless telegraphy, 1874-1937
In 1895 Guglielmo Marconi's simple signal, the Morse letter "S," was sent a little more than a mile. Marconi's experiments led to practical wireless telegraphy and radio.
Founded Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., 1894-1989
Konosuke Matsushita's philosophy: provide a large supply of consumer goods at the lowest possible prices without compromising quality and service. He founded the Matsushita Electrical Industrial Company in 1918.
E.F. McDonald Jr.
Consumer electronics pioneer, 1886-1958
Commander Eugene F. McDonald Jr. guided Zenith Radio Corp. for 45 years. From the company's laboratories came the first portable radios, the first AC-powered radios, the first automatic push-button radio tuners, the first wireless TV remote controls and the first subscription TV system.
Co-founder of Sony with Masaru Ibuka, 1921-1999
Bold, personable and energetic, Sony's co-founder Akio Morita built his electronics firm into a well-known brand and an international presence. Morita founded Sony in 1946 with Masaru Ibuka.
Robert N. Noyce
Co-inventor of the microchip and the integrated circuit; co-founder of Fairchild Semiconductor, 1957; co-founder of Intel, 1968, 1927-1990
Working separately in the late 1950s, Robert Noyce and Jack Kilby invented the integrated circuit, which advanced computer technology by putting the power of multiple transistors on a single tiny chip.
Inventor of the telegraphone, 1869-1942
While working at the Copenhagen Telephone Company, Valdemar Poulsen invented the telegraphone. The device recorded human speech by alternating magnetization of a wire.
Designed and built the first successful personal computer, Born 1942
Ed Roberts designed the first U.S. hand-held calculator. When Popular Electronics magazine was looking for someone to build a computer that would cost less than $400, Roberts designed the Altair 8800. Aimed at hobbyists, it included a microprocessor and a 256-byte RAM card for just $395 in 1975.
Radio and television pioneer, 1891-1971
Through foresight, determination and public relations skill, David Sarnoff invented commercial broadcasting, as we know it. He also developed a communications giant called RCA and created NBC.
Hermon Hosmer Scott
Founder of the H.H. Scott Company, 1909-1975
For 20 years, the H.H. Scott Company, founded by Hermon Hosmer Scott in 1947, set standards in the high-fidelity stereo equipment industry. Scott held several patents for innovations in the audio field.
Co-founder of the VHS format, Born 1929
Yuma Shiraishi is recognized as the Victor Company of Japan (JVC) engineer who co-founded VHS (Video Home System) with Shizuo Takano.
William Bradford Shockley
Solid-state physicist, 1910-1989
William Shockley advanced the idea of the transistor and pointed the way to its development, although he was not present at the actual moment of discovery in 1947.
Ross David Siragusa
Founder of the Admiral Corp., 1906-1996
Ross Siragusa founded the Admiral Corp. during the Great Depression and transformed it from a small radio and phonograph company into one of the leading makers of televisions, audio products, and home appliances.
Led the development of the VHS format, 1923-1992
Shizuo Takano is known as the father of VHS. His personality and leadership allowed the VCR format to become a global standard. The VHS beat out Sony's Beta format in one of the toughest marketing and technology battles in electronics history.
Pioneer in electric power, invented the electro-magnetic motor, 1856-1943
Nikola Tesla discovered alternating current and wireless radio waves. He was the inventor of wireless telegraph transmission. In 1887 and 1888 he had an experimental shop at 89 Liberty Street in New York City, where he invented the induction motor. He sold the invention to George Westinghouse in July 1888.
EIA/CEA Leader, Born 1922
Jack Wayman has devoted his 50 years in business to consumer electronics, at retail, wholesale and trade association levels. For the last 35 years he has been associated with the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA). He conceived and developed the International Consumer Electronics Show (CES) held in Las Vegas each January, which now is the largest consumer technology trade show in the world.
Instrumental in the invention of TV, 1889-1982
One of three men credited with the invention of television, Vladimir Zworykin fled Russia for the United States in 1919. He already had demonstrated his "iconoscope" camera, based on a 1923 design, and his "kinescope" receiver when he met RCA's David Sarnoff. The meeting set the stage for RCA's success at electronic television transmission and reception.